Chinese Herbal Medicine-HK Sanlida Intl Healthcare Products

History of Beijing Tiananmen Square

Google+ Share on Facebook
Beijing Tiananmen Square

Tian An Men is the emblem of the capital city Beijing.In fact, even in the feudal era Tian An Men had an extraordinary position.

The Gate of Heavenly Peace was originally called the Gate of Reliance on Heaven. Shun Zhi, the first emperor of the Qing Dynasty after unification of the country, was a child six years of age when he ascended the throne. He took over the reins of government seven years later, when his uncle Duo Er Gun, the prince regent, died unexpectedly at the age of 39.

Beijing Tiananmen Square

In the next year, the child emperor decided to change the name of the front gate of his imperial city. Obviously, he did not like the connotation of the name, which taught him to govern the country by the grace of heaven. The monarch might have been seriously disturbed in his mind by the untimely death of his father and his uncle. He might have had some apprehension about his own health and life. He might have wished that heaven would bestow on him peace of mind and safety from illness. As the Chinese word "an" has the dual meaning of "peace" and "safety", it certainly appealed to the young monarch. If this conjecture is correct, this wish of his was not to be granted by heaven. For he was to die, as we have learned from history, at the age of 23 (perhaps of appendicitis). Thus his lifespan was to be very short, even a little less than half of his father's.

No matter whether the name means by implication "to govern the country by the grace of heaven" or "to enjoy peace and safety bestowed by heaven", the gate, as the front gate of the imperial city, is where the destiny of the country is linked to, where the prestige of the state is embodied, and where the state power is symbolized. Indeed, for a thousand years Tian An Men was the place where the successive feudal dynasties held their pompous ceremonies.

Many interesting stories have been told about Beijing. They are inseparably bound up with the city walls, the gates and Tian An Men. For instance, there is a story about the famous army commander General Nian Gengyao of the Qing Dynasty in connection with Tian An Men. One day General Nian returned in triumph with his soldiers from an expedition. He and all the soldiers were received by Emperor Yongzheng at the Tian An Men square. It was very hot, though there was not much sunlight. In order to show his kindness, the emperor ordered the soldiers to take off their hats. His order was ignored. Then General Nian gave the order for him. At one upward stroke of his arm all the soldiers instantly removed their hats. The emperor was greatly alarmed. For this and for some other reasons, which were also connected with General Nian's relationship with the emperor and with a drama formerly staged in the Palace concerning the right of succession to the throne, which is well-known to people versed in the history of China, General Nian was stripped of his power by the emperor and demoted step by step to the rank of a common soldier and ordered to commit suicide at last.

Mao Shedon Beijing Tiananmen

It was on the gate tower of Tian An Men that Chairman Mao Tsedong proclaimed the founding of the People's Republic of China. A great number of important political events of this century were staged on the Tian An Men Square. It is beyond the shadow of a doubt that Tian An Men holds an immeasurably high position in the heart of every Chinese who is fervently patriotic and is determined to do his/her utmost for the development and prosperity of his/her motherland. By its uniquely eminent place in New China, Tian An Men commands in this country universal respect and support.

In 1959, for the celebration of the tenth anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China, Tian An Men underwent restructuring on a large scale. The red walls on three sides were all dismantled; the east and west wings were expanded to become thoroughfares. The Museum of the history of Revolution and the Great Hall of the People stand lofty and majestic on the east and west side respectively, with the Monument to the People's Heroes towering in the middle. The place which was formerly used exclusively by monarchs for holding ceremonies and reviewing the army is now open to the public and has become a genuine people's square. It covers an area of 54 hectares and can accommodate five hundred thousand people for engaging in a collective activity. It is thus the largest and peerless pubic square in the whole world. Anyone who goes there cannot but marvel at its grandeur, solemnity, magnificence and magnitude. In comparison with it, the so-called squares in many cities of Western countries only deserve the title of "street corner". The size of the mammoth city of Beijing is typically represented by Tian An Men and the Tian An Men Square.

Products/Columns Lists
Related content
You have read